Productos orgánicos y mejoradores del suelo - Fertilidad del suelo con fertilizantes orgánicos México - Fertilización orgánica del suelo

Major Components for Maintaining Soil Fertility

Productos orgánicos y Mejoradores de suelos | Fertilidad del suelo con fertilizantes orgánicos México | Fertilización Orgánica del Suelo

In recent decades, there has been a change in how farmers are expanding their understanding, especially in relation to soil fertility for crop growth. In this article, soil fertility will be discussed.

A fertile soil is a combination of well-balanced minerals, microbial life, organic matter, water and good aeration. The soil is at its healthiest when it gets sufficient water and oxygen, and the nutrients are balanced and present in adequate quantities. It is crucial to maintain organic matter content in the soil in order for it to remain productive and healthy. Now, let’s look deeper into the components of the soil needed to maintain soil fertility.

Components of fertile soil:

Fitochem believes that developing a more comprehensive approach towards soil fertility consists of four main aspects, which includes soil structure, organic mater (humic substances mainly fulvic acids as the unique part of the humus totally soluble in all pH kind media), nutrient availability, and chemistry. These are all the essential components that generate quality soil. 

1.- Soil Structure

2.- Organic matter

3.- Soil Nutrient Availability

4.- Soil Chemistry

With the rise of intensive farming and many other crops, the effective management of these four components has become vital for sustained production and consistent yields. So, now let’s understand these components: 

1.- Soil Structure

Soil structure is an arrangement of soil parts named soil aggregates. An aggregate consists of solid parts such as sand particles, clay, and silt. Due to the availability of various types of soil structure, soil textures also vary, which further affects performance conditions like resistance to erosion, aeration, water infiltration, and retention. The key practices to protect soil structure includes minimized handling, avoiding the use of sodium salts, and eliminating soil screening.

2.- Organic matter

The organic matter is produced from the plant and animal materials at different stages of decomposition. Soil organics create a mineral and nutrient-rich ecosystem with microorganisms that breath back life into the soil. The components of soil organics are beneficial for bacterias, algae, fungi, actinomycetes, arthropods, and nematodes, among others.

3.- Soil Nutrient Availability

Soil nutrient availability is a blend of soil fertility in regards to micro and macronutrient levels, and also the ability of soil to retain those nutrients. It is crucial to note that the availability of some of the plant nutrients is largely affected by soil pH ranges and variations. The fulvic acids participate in a similar way than clays as places of ionic exchange of cations and anions, resulting in the advantage of formation of organic-mineral compounds with greater availability. 

4.- Soil Chemistry

Soil chemistry deals with the chemical characteristics of soil. It is affected by certain environmental factors, mineral composition, and organic matter. The other parameters like nutrient content, acidity, and texture of the soil affect what kind of crop can grow in it. 

It is important to keep in mind that the nutrient content of soil often doesn’t keep up with the need for high yield and productivity inflicted by modern agriculture. Hence, chemical or natural fertilizers are usually added to boost fertility and production. 

By mixing all these mineral elements with our fulvic acids will increase their use, making more efficient the development and growth of plants. This results in an increase in the quality and quantity of crop produced.

Fitochem introduces products orgánicos with the highest quality, supported by scientific studies We are the solution in nutrition, with products that will help stabilize soil chemistry, increase the availability of nutrients and build a soil structure favorable to your crops. 

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